This homily is based on Matthew 22:15-21.

In today’s Gospel reading, our Lord utters his famous line:  “Repay to Caesar what belongs to Caesar, and repay to God what belongs to God.”  At first glance, the Lord seems to be proposing a division between our usual lives and our so-called spiritual lives.  Sort of like Sunday Christianity, when people act like Christians only when they go to Sunday services.  As for the rest of the week, they act “normally”–that is, not in any particularly religious or even moral way.


Based on that famous line, our Lord can also be just as easily misinterpreted as advocating some kind of “shopping list” or “cafeteria” Catholicism, a term that refers to the widespread phenomenon among Catholics who pick from the Church’s list of teachings what they would like to follow and apply in their lives.  The rest of the teachings?  Well, never mind…

Upon more careful reflection, we can’t help but wonder if this is really what the Lord means.  Many of us would like to think so since it’s certainly a more convenient way of living out our faith.  But if we know the Lord, we are probably a bit suspicious, to say th eleast.  He has, after all, been known to be quite demanding, hasn’t he?

Here’s my guess:  Maybe the Lord isn’t asking us to take him literally.  Far from telling us to compartmentalize our lives, maybe the Lord is telling us precisely the opposite:  What, after all, is God’s?  What belongs to Him?  When we think about it, doesn’t everything–0all that we have and all that we are–-in fact, belong to God?  So when the Lord says, “Render unto Caesar’s what is Caesars, and unto God what is God’s,” could he be challenging us precisely to recognize this most demanding of truths–that everything belongs to God, and everything, therefore, ought to be rendered–-offered, consecrated, dedicated, repaid–-to Him?

Many of us may rush in and agree enthusiastically:  Of course everything we have and everything we are belong to the Lord!  And of course we should then offer and repay everything to Him!

Not so fast!  When we talk about repaying or rendering to the Lord what is His, it doesn’t simply mean making a mental note that everything belongs to Him.  Neither does it simply entail paying lip service to it–you know, beginning or ending each day by praying, “Well, Lord, as you already know, I offer everything to You!”  Rather, rendering to the Lord means actually making decisions and taking action according to what God wants.  In other words, if you really want to estimate how much of your life you are dedicating to the Lord, examine the decisions you have made and the actions you have taken.  Making every decision and taking every action according to the Lord’s will is a little bit more complex and a little bit more difficult than intending or desiring to do so, to say the least.  It takes determination, and based on my own experience, a lot of prayer and practice.

Here’s one quick exercise: Construct a pie chart to show the way you divide your time on any given day. How many percent of the 24 hours of each day would you say you devote to God? In other words, how much of your day do you actually “render unto God”

Here are my estimates for my best day:

Sleeping:                        7 hours, or 29%
Eating:                            3 hours, or 13%
Exercise:                        1 hour, or 4%
Praying:                          1 hour, or 4%
Preparing for Mass:    45 minutes or 3%
Mass:                               45 minutes, or 3%
School-related Work:  8 hours, or 33%
Others:                             2.5 hours, or 11%

Based on this exercise, I devote 10% of my day for God–such embarrassing stats for a priest! Does this make me a Sunday priest or cafeteria Catholic, too? Of course it can be argued that my “school-related work”–e.g., teaching, teacher training, etc.–can be considered God-related work. But I wonder.

This eye-opening exercise has certainly raised questions about whether or not I devote enough of my time, effort, and attention to God, to Whom I believe I owe everything I have and everything I am. Can I do more?

If my life were a coin, it would seem that I’ve been looking at only the face that is the world’s–or Caesar’s. What can I do to flip that coin a little more frequently to God’s side?

I suggest you go through the same exercise. What will you find out? Is it time to flip your coin, too?


Thanks for the reflection and reflection exercise :)!

I think the 1st reading gives us a clue:

“ . . . so that toward the rising and the setting of the sun, people may know there is none besides me.”

Echoed in the revised Eucharistic prayer (for “east to west”) but maybe the revision suggests to us at mass that God transcends time and space and is the God of All – and we are reminded:

So that “from the rising of the sun to its setting, a pure sacrifice may” (always and everywhere) “be offered in God’s name.”

If we do the numbers of time devoted to God, the story will be very embarrassing. Because our God-devoted time will be in terms of what we offer. But if we include what God gives us__sleep, food, exercise, social relations__ then we have everything covered. I am thinking of a bedridden patient. Won’t his bedriddenness count? Shouldn’t we include in our computation the grace we receive on top of our offering. Receiving God’s blessing is God time, too. Di ba? Being able to sleep, eat, have fun, etc. is blessing. Let’s not flip the coin. Let’s spin it so it’s forever twirling.

You’re right. The exercise is just to open our eyes to the very small amount of time that we do explicit work for God. The tip is to be mindful and intentional about consecrating our work to Him, whatever it is.

Hi, Fr. Johnny,

Luceat Lux!

In your article “Sunday Christians…”, I noticed that you classify only explicitly religious acts as God-related work. However, you mentioned that “school-related work” may be considered as God-related work, because you “work” as Jesuit in a Catholic school. This train of thought leads to people to compartmentalise their acts to “God-related work” vis-a-vis normal work. This does not need to be a duality but a unity. It is Jess’ invitation and challenge to lead a unified Christian life in all our thoughts and actions. For example, a lawyer who provides legal counsel and services that adheres to ethical, moral and legal standards is providing “God-related work”, even if his/her actions are not explicitly religious.

Happy Sunday!!! ?

You are absolutely right, Huey! The piece is meant to be provocative 🙂 The tip seems to be to be more intentional about consecrating whatever task we are undertaking more intentionally to God 🙂 Thanks for sharing.

Ah, Fr. Johnny … I think anytime you do something with intention- being mindfully present -and with joy preferably but that cannot always be the case, I believe you are doing God’s will and giving to Him the best of yourself. I like to offer prayer as attention and if God is everywhere and in all things then when I am fully attentive (which is really not the norm as I ‘fly’ from one thought to another) then I am ‘praying’ to my God. But yes, giving God pure attention in prayer, mediation and during mass is a very small part of the 24 hours we are blessed with every time we wake up.

You hit the nail right on the head. The piece was meant to provoke, but indeed it’s not so much the task we perform, but its CONSECRATION to God, or as you put it, “being mindfully present…” 🙂

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